Wall fabric refers to fabric that is used in lieu of wallpaper, paint or wood paneling for both aesthetic and acoustic control purposes. The textures and patterns of different fabrics allow one to create unique effects and add interest to rooms. Decorative wall fabrics can be applied directly to walls or attached as framed fabric panels. Wall fabric is also used to control noise. When used as a sound absorber, wall fabric is usually paired with a special sound control backing. Other types of wall fabric include tapestries and artistic wall hangings.
Home decorators can apply fabric directly to walls with starch. This is accomplished by cutting fabric into strips, soaking the fabric in liquid starch and adhering it to the desired wall. After wrinkles and bubbles are smoothed out, the starch will dry and cling to the wall. This is a temporary treatment, so when one grows bored with the look, it can be removed in just a few minutes. This type of wall covering is ideal for those who live in apartments and aren't allowed to paint, as well as anyone who simply enjoys changing the look of a room without making the permanent commitment of wallpaper.
Fabric panels are another option. Panel frames are constructed with a variety of materials including wood, steel and durable plastics. Fabric is stretched over frames of varying size before it is then attached to the wall. This type of panel can be purchased, but some choose to make their own. If the purpose is to control sound, prefabricated panels work best because they can be purchased with extra soundproofing options. Foam board or cardboard can also be used to create frames. Wall fabric panels can be attached with screws or staples, depending on the type of wall fabric or panel selected.
Decorative tapestries and fabric wall art can also be used to quickly liven up a space. The method for attaching these types of wall fabric is a bit different than the others. Rather than covering an entire wall, these are used more as art pieces and are strategically placed to enhance the aesthetics of a room. For instance, one might select a patterned fabric to stretch over a large frame to be used in the same manner as a framed painting. These are hung with nails or picture hangers. Others purchase special racks such as quilt racks and attach the rack to the wall to hang tapestries and quilts.