We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are the Different Types of Persian Rugs?

Niki Acker
By
Updated May 16, 2024
Our promise to you
HomeQuestionsAnswered is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At HomeQuestionsAnswered, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Handwoven Persian rugs are one of the most recognizable and distinguished products of Persian culture. Their history is ancient, and they remain a cherished art form. There are three major types of Persian rugs: Farsh, or Qālii, rugs are larger than 4x6 feet (1.2x1.8 meters), Qālicheh are 6x4 feet or smaller, and Kilim are flat rugs with no pile traditionally crafted by nomads.

Within the three major types of Persian rugs, there are many subtypes. Persian rug dealers have developed a classification of rug types named after the cities or regions, in which they are traditionally made. There are over 30 classifications based on the fabric, design, and weaving technique employed. Kilim rugs are classified according to their fabric type, design, and intended purpose.

Farsh and Qālicheh Persian rugs are most commonly made of wool in the modern era, but they may also consist of cotton or silk. Silk rugs are the most expensive, but the least durable, and are often displayed on the wall like a tapestry. There is a huge variety of designs used on Persian rugs, but they fall into three basic layouts: all-over, central medallion, and one-sided. Certain designs are passed down through families, either by memory, or through scale drawings, depending on their complexity.

Traditional Persian rug designs may be geometric, including striped patterns, or arabesque, including spiral and paisley patterns. Some important traditional motifs include historic monuments and Islamic buildings, tree patterns, hunting ground patterns, European flower patterns, vase patterns, intertwined fish patterns, and tribal patterns.

Persian rugs may be made with different knot types. The asymmetrical Persian knot is used in Iran, India, Pakistan, China, Egypt, and Turkey, while the symmetrical Turkish knot is used in Turkey, East Turkmenistan, the Caucasus, and some Turkish and Kurdish areas of Iran. Other, less-common knot types include the Spanish knot and the Jufti knot. Kilim differ from the other types of Persian rugs in that they are flat-woven or rough, with no pile.

Kilim rugs usually have a geometrical design. The weft strands, which run horizontally, and make up the color and design of the rug, are usually wool, while the vertical, hidden warp strands may be wool, cotton, or hemp. Some kilim rugs are embroidered after weaving. Some kilim rugs have specific functions beyond the decorative. Depending on how they are made, they may be used as prayer rugs, horse saddles, or carrying cloths.

HomeQuestionsAnswered is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Niki Acker
By Niki Acker
"In addition to her role as a HomeQuestionsAnswered editor, Niki Foster is passionate about educating herself on a wide range of interesting and unusual topics to gather ideas for her own articles. A graduate of UCLA with a double major in Linguistics and Anthropology, Niki's diverse academic background and curiosity make her well-suited to create engaging content for WiseGeekreaders. "
Discussion Comments
By redking — On Oct 18, 2012

@ anon152942 -- No, just as long as you treat the "upside-down" rug as you should treat it right way up. Gently brush-clean it, inspecting for insects and move it occasionally especially if it may be subjected to heavy foot traffic or furniture placement. Avoid spillages, etc. Oh, and even upside-down don't expose it to too much direct sunlight. That's probably what caused the fading you already notice. Just common-sense stuff really.

By anon152942 — On Feb 15, 2011

can you place a persian/afghan rug on the floor up side down, will that do damage to the carpet. My carpet has got quite a bit of fading on one side so am thinking of using it upside down.

Niki Acker
Niki Acker
"In addition to her role as a HomeQuestionsAnswered editor, Niki Foster is passionate about educating herself on a wide...
Learn more
HomeQuestionsAnswered, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

HomeQuestionsAnswered, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.