We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Hydroponic Farming?

By Donn Saylor
Updated May 16, 2024
Our promise to you
HomeQuestionsAnswered is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At HomeQuestionsAnswered, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Hydroponic farming is a system of growing plants with minimal soil or no soil at all, instead utilizing nutrient solutions to aid healthy growth processes. Hydroponic farms are located in temperature-controlled indoor environments outfitted with special irrigation systems. They allow for the year-round cultivation of hydroponic vegetables and fruits and, when compared to traditional farming methods, have been shown to dramatically reduce water usage and environmental pollution.

The history of hydroponic gardening and farming methods started with Sir Francis Bacon's 1627 book Sylva Sylvarum. In this volume, Bacon pioneered the idea of growing plants without soil. This radical new concept was further developed and perfected over the next century by a series of botanists and scientists, one of whom — William Frederick Gericke of the University of California — coined the term "hydroponics" in 1937.

There are two styles of hydroponic farming. The solution culture utilizes only nutrient solutions to grow plants. With the medium culture, the plants are cultivated using a medium agent, such as gravel, perlite, rockwool, or sand. This static medium offers support to the plants, serving as a conduit through which nutrient solutions supply the roots with nourishment.

A typical hydroponic farm is located in a large greenhouse or in a light-controlled, enclosed environment. An essential piece of hydroponic farming equipment is a state-of-the-art irrigation system; these systems are key to the success of hydroponic agriculture. Proper irrigation techniques allow water and nutrients to be delivered to the plants and the run-off to be conserved for later use.

There are several distinct benefits of hydroponic farming. First and foremost, this method of cultivation drastically decreases water usage and conserves up to 90% of water used. Hydroponic plants have been shown to grow at a faster rate, allowing for a steady, abundant supply of crops and quick turnaround. Furthermore, hydroponic plants, which are not always organically grown, still utilize far less chemicals than more traditional modes of farming. They are also less prone to big infestations and little, if any, environmental pollution, attributable to the highly controlled atmosphere of the hydroponic farm.

Some disadvantages of hydroponic farming have also been identified. Among them, salmonella growth is a concern. The conditions within a hydroponic farm, principally humidity levels and the use of fertilizer, are perfect breeding grounds for salmonella. Wilting diseases such as verticillium wilt can also strike hydroponic plants due to the humid atmosphere or possible overwatering.

HomeQuestionsAnswered is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
HomeQuestionsAnswered, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

HomeQuestionsAnswered, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.