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What is a Wassily Chair?

The Wassily Chair, a hallmark of modernist design, was crafted by Marcel Breuer in 1925. Its sleek, geometric frame, made of tubular steel, cradles leather or canvas, redefining furniture aesthetics. This iconic piece not only embodies functionality but also artistic expression. How has its timeless design influenced contemporary furniture? Join us as we uncover its enduring legacy.
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

The Wassily chair is a chair designed by Marcel Breuer in the 1920s. Breuer was working in the famous Bauhaus school in Germany at the time, and was allegedly inspired by the design of a bicycle to create the Wassily chair. The spare, modernist design has become quite iconic, and several manufacturers around the world produce Wassily chairs or replicas. In addition to featuring a very distinctive design, the chair also utilized some revolutionary building materials which made it a historical innovation.

The original Wassily chair was made from tubular steel bent to create a framework, and canvas strips which created the back, seat, and armrest. The shape and style are evocative of a club chair, but the Wassily chair has been distilled down to simple, clean lines, rather than the traditionally overstuffed club chair. Tubular steel continues to be used in the production of these chairs, with manufacturers often using leather instead of canvas.

Marcel Breuer, creator of the Wassily chair, worked at the Bauhaus School in Germany.
Marcel Breuer, creator of the Wassily chair, worked at the Bauhaus School in Germany.

The use of tubular steel in the design was only made possible by recent refinements in steel manufacturing which allowed for the creation of seamless tubular steel which could be bent into the appropriate shape. Breuer's logical leap from wood framework to steel framework laid the groundwork for the widespread use of steel in furniture manufacturing. Tubular steel chairs may not seem terribly remarkable today, but in the 1920s, they were a striking development in furniture production.

The chair is named for Wassily Kadinsky, an alleged fan of the chair who was also working at the Bauhaus at the time. The name appears to have been invented by a furniture manufacturer who wanted to capitalize on the connection between Breuer and Kadinsky, appealing to potential buyers by suggesting that they were purchasing an important part of history. Breuer himself called it the Model B3 chair.

Several examples of the chair are on display in museums of modern art around the world. People interested in decorating with these chairs can purchase replicas of varying levels of quality. Most manufacturers are willing to customize the color of the canvas or leather used in the chair to mesh with an interior design scheme, and many have made coordinating furniture accessories such as couches and tables. In addition to being interesting to look at, the design of the Wassily chair is also quite comfortable, making it a functional furniture piece as well as a point of aesthetic interest in a design scheme.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a HomeQuestionsAnswered researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Learn more...
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a HomeQuestionsAnswered researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Learn more...

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Discussion Comments

golf07

I have always admired the sleek, modern look of a wassily chair. I have a very modern decor in my home and think they would fit right in with the look and style.

The biggest drawback is the wassily chair price. I have never been able to find one that is in my price range. I have even looked at used ones, but you don't find very many of them.

Even if I look for a wassily chair on ebay, they are still priced higher than what I want to pay for one. I will just continue to admire them in pictures for the time being.

anon183159

Thanks a lot for writing this. It was very useful and interesting.

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    • Marcel Breuer, creator of the Wassily chair, worked at the Bauhaus School in Germany.
      By: ArTo
      Marcel Breuer, creator of the Wassily chair, worked at the Bauhaus School in Germany.