What is a Desert Spoon?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Desert spoon is native to the American Southwest and is found across Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico.
Desert spoon is native to the American Southwest and is found across Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico.

Desert spoon is a flowering plant native to the American Southwest and found across Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico. This plant prefers arid conditions and is grown ornamentally in desert and low-water gardens. In nature, it can grow extremely large, sometimes exceeding 15 feet (about 4.5 meters) in height, while gardeners tend to keep it pruned and compact. Nurseries and garden supply stores specializing in succulents and other drought-tolerant plants may carry desert spoon, or can order it by request.

The desert spoon prefers arid conditions and so commonly grows in the desert.
The desert spoon prefers arid conditions and so commonly grows in the desert.

Known formally as Dasylirion wheeleri, this plant is also sometimes referred to by common names like sotol, blue sotol, and common sotol. It produces a symmetrical sphere of spiky leaves fanning out from a central trunk. The foliage tends to be stiff, but has some flexibility. In young plants, the leaves can take the shape of a half-dome until the trunk develops more length. Flowers are produced on tall stalks in dense creamy white clusters that appeal to bees.

This plant can be readily grown from seed. Desert spoon gets quite large under good growing conditions and it should be planted with care, as the trunks can tend to grow sideways rather than upright and the plants may splay across the landscape. It can be a good specimen or background planting in the garden and is not suitable for edges and borders unless gardeners are willing to clip it aggressively to keep it small.

Dry climates in United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) zones eight through 11 are generally suitable for growing desert spoon. The plant likes well-drained soil of medium quality and does not tend to attract pests, although in addition to bees, other insects can hover around the plant while it is in flower. Other succulents make excellent companion plantings, as do cacti, and the plant can also be used in rock gardens to add greenery and color.

People sometimes mistake desert spoon for yucca and other relatives. The plant's blue-green foliage and spoon-shaped leaf bases are important visual clues for accurate identification. This plant has historically been used to produce a drink known as sotol, made by removing and roasting the core of the plant and then fermenting it. Desert spoon is also edible; the fleshy base at the bottom of each leaf is palatable after steaming, boiling, or roasting and can be eaten plain or added to other dishes, depending on the taste of the cook.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a HomeQuestionsAnswered researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a HomeQuestionsAnswered researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments

anon1003626

Can Desert Spoon grow in a large pot?

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    • Desert spoon is native to the American Southwest and is found across Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico.
      By: Hamik
      Desert spoon is native to the American Southwest and is found across Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico.
    • The desert spoon prefers arid conditions and so commonly grows in the desert.
      By: jkraft5
      The desert spoon prefers arid conditions and so commonly grows in the desert.