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What are the Different Types of Garden Fences?

Garden fences come in a variety of styles, each serving unique purposes. From the classic picket fence that adds charm to your home, to sturdy privacy fences that secure your backyard oasis, and decorative metal options that blend durability with design. Whether you seek aesthetics or function, there's a fence to fit your garden's needs. Curious about which suits your space best? Let's explore together.
Sheri Cyprus
Sheri Cyprus

Garden fence panels are available in a wide variety of looks. From the old-fashioned white picket fence to tropical bamboo fencing, garden fences add a finished look to a yard as well as provide privacy and an enclosed area for pets and children. Bamboo, wrought iron, chain link, plank and picket are some of the most popular types of garden fencing used today.

A picket fence has horizontal wood boards near the top and bottom. Pickets, or pointed-topped flat wood slats, are nailed vertically onto the two boards at even intervals. The spaces left between the pickets are the approximate width of each picket. Classically, wood picket garden fences are painted white. The gates to enter and exit picket fences are typically in the same style as the rest of the fencing except the top of the gate which may be rounded rather than pointed.

A house with a picket fence.
A house with a picket fence.

Wood plank garden fences are also called privacy fencing since there are no gaps between the planks and they are usually a tall type of fence. The planks are typically quite flat, yet heavy, and the fence is usually sturdy. The wood used for these fences may have a rough, rugged texture and is often painted the same color as the house. A wood plank fence can make a good backdrop for a garden trellis to display climbing plants.

Wood picket garden fences are traditionally painted white or whitewashed.
Wood picket garden fences are traditionally painted white or whitewashed.

Chain link fencing is made up of criss-crossing metal links that create openings throughout the fence. Chain link fences are available in many different heights and with different thicknesses of metal links. The metal may be silver-colored or covered in a green or brown synthetic coating. Gates are available in a single style that is opened and closed from one side or a double style that has a latch in the center of two gate panels. The double chain link gate style allows it to be used for vehicles to enter and exit from parking located near the garden area.

Chain link fence fabric is made from galvanized steel mesh.
Chain link fence fabric is made from galvanized steel mesh.

Wrought iron fences feature beautiful scrolled designs. They are also known as ornamental fences as the black iron has been wrought, or heated and shaped, into ornate patterns. The tops of the iron fence posts may be rounded, pointed or feature metal cut out shapes such as animals or stars.

Bamboo fencing offers a tropical look to a home garden fence. Vertical poles of bamboo are attached together closely to form a solid, yet light colored privacy wall. An advantage of bamboo garden fences is that they are lightweight and easy to handle.

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Discussion Comments

hanley79

@VivAnne - There are aluminum fences made to look like wrought iron? That's awesome, I had no idea! Thanks a bunch, I'll definitely look into that. The white picket fence sounds a bit more Victorian style than I'm going for.

VivAnne

@hanley79 - Would an aluminum garden fence work? People tend to associate aluminum with plain looking fences, but there are some pretty fancy aluminum garden fences, and they're much more affordable than wrought iron for sure. Some aluminum fences are black and designed to look like wrought iron, even.

If you didn't want the old wrought iron and roses look, I would recommend a white picket fence. That would look nice with the roses, and since a trellis is usually made out of wood, it shouldn't damage the fence to have climbing roses on it. Make sure you get a sturdy fence, of course -- some picket fences are really thin and flimsy, especially the cheap ones.

hanley79

Is there an ideal material to use for less decorative garden fencing -- a fence that doubles as a trellis for climbing roses is what I have in mind. I'm afraid if I pick the wrong kind of fence, the vines either won't cling onto it well enough to stay up or will rip it up or crush it as they grow around it.

I want an old-fashioned-looking overgrown rose garden look; so far wrought iron is my best bet, but it costs an awful lot. Anybody know of any cheap garden fence material that has a similar look?

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    • A house with a picket fence.
      A house with a picket fence.
    • Wood picket garden fences are traditionally painted white or whitewashed.
      By: Johanna Goodyear
      Wood picket garden fences are traditionally painted white or whitewashed.
    • Chain link fence fabric is made from galvanized steel mesh.
      By: Jon Le-Bon
      Chain link fence fabric is made from galvanized steel mesh.