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When planting fig trees in the ground, it is most advantageous to place them where they can receive full exposure to the sun, but also receive protection from late frosts and wind. Brick and stone walls provide a good barrier, while giving the extra benefit of heat radiation. Fig trees thrive best when planted in a simple mixture of regular soil and compost. Manure should be avoided, as excessive fertilization can cause an overgrowth of leaves, which will slow the growth of the figs. When planting fig trees in a pot, they should also have a light soil mixture and plenty of sun.
The best location for a fig tree is in a place with northern exposure. Then the tree will remain dormant in the proper season, thus allowing for a better fig harvest. Late fall and early spring are the ideal seasons for planting fig trees.
When planting fig trees in the ground, digging a hole approximately 3 feet (91.44 cm) deep is ideal. Drainage is important to keep in mind when planting fig trees. Placing pot shards or brick in the bottom of the hole can help to prevent tap roots. When planting multiple fig trees, they should be placed 15 to 20 feet (4.6 to 6.1 meters) apart. If the trees are going to be managed like bushes, they can be placed 10 feet (3.1 meters) apart.
For planting fig trees in a container, it is best to begin with a less expensive small plant, as they grow and bear fruit quickly. The tree should be put in a light-colored pot with good drainage. Wooden or plastic containers are both good options for planting fig trees.
A light potting soil is best for potted fig trees. Adding builder’s sand, sifted compost, or perlite can both help to keep the mixture light and aid proper drainage. The tree will do best in a warm area that receives a lot of sun. Good ventilation is also important for encouraging young fig tree plants to grow and thrive.
Fig trees need to be kept warm if they are to survive. In order to prepare an outdoor fig tree for winter, straw or leaves should be spread around the base of the tree. Next the branches need to be wrapped in heavy fabric such as carpet padding, canvas or blankets. Then the entire tree should be covered with a plastic bag or wrap.
Potted fig trees can be brought inside during cold weather. They are usually able to survive in an unheated basement, storage shed, or garage. For this reason, it is often a good idea to pot fig trees in cooler climates.